Teachers of English as a second or foreign language are often faced with the challenging tasks of making the classes meaningful, practical, and even fun for the students. Facing those challenges, I think Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) or simply known as “Communicative Approach” is the best way to be applied in language teaching.
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) emphasizes that the goal of language teaching and learning is the learners’ ability to communicate through interaction in the target language. The communicative competence needed for participation includes linguistics and social competence. Students regularly work in groups or in pairs. The given activities might involve reading, listening, speaking and writing skills. The materials and activities are often authentic reflecting real life situation and even teaching and learning sometimes use language activities outside the classroom. In addition, teachers’ roles are as the facilitator and correcting the errors. Teachers should be able to use the target language fluently and appropriately.
In the classroom, CLT often takes the form of pair and group work requiring negotiation and cooperation between learners, fluency that encourage learners to develop their confidence, role-plays in which students practice and develop language functions, as well as use grammar and pronunciation focused on activities. Some other example activities are interviews, games, surveys and learning by teaching that the students take the teacher’s role and teach their peers.
In CLT, students who are motivated, confident and active will be able to express their opinions and share their ideas and feeling. On the other hand, students who are anxious, low motivated and low self-esteemed will find many difficulties in producing the language. This problem needs special teachers’ attention to understand their students.